Study of research practices finds high rate of inappropriate authorship, inadequate peer review

Opinion Study

A recent study of 47,000 academics in Europe and the United States found that more than half of researchers have been involved in projects in the last three years that listed co-authors who did not meaningfully contribute to the work. The International Research Integrity Survey touched on eight questionable research practices (QRPs), including conducting research without adequate ethics approval, lack of supervision of junior colleagues, and inappropriate authorship. Inappropriate authorship was the most common QRP encountered, though about half of respondents also reported inadequate peer review and inadequate supervision activities. Dalmeet Singh Chawla of Nature discusses the regional differences noted in the research and some of the likely causes behind the authorship findings.