A US lobby group called United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) is reportedly urging Canadian universities to reconsider their research ties to Iran. Joe Friesen of the Globe and Mail reports that UANI has identified several Iranian-Canadian research collaborations, although the collaborations are not directly related to nuclear or military research. The organization wrote to Concordia University, McGill University, the University of Alberta, the University of British Columbia, the University of Manitoba, the University of Toronto, the University of Waterloo, and Western University urging them to “rethink” these ties. In their responses, Canadian university leaders emphasized the importance of academic freedom and the value of open research. “Academic freedom should only be limited by the boundaries of the law,” stated UBC VP Philip Barker.